7 life cycle analysis and life cycle costs 186 in an early study by gydesen and maimann (1991), the energy consumption of a 15 w cfl and a 60 w incandescent lamp is compared for the production, operation and disposal phases. Life cycle assessment of voc emissions for compact discs vickie durrah, ret fellow 2006 parkman elementary school ret mentor: tom theis, director institute of environmental policy and concern. The 2009 osram opto semiconductors study, “life cycle assessment of illuminants: a comparison of light bulbs, compact fluorescent lamps and led lamps,” compares the environmental performance of incandescents, compact fluorescents and leds. This life-cycle assessment (lca) study considers not only use, but also manufacturing, transport, and disposal, and is the most comprehensive study of its kind for led products, breaking new ground.
The life cycle assessment analyses the effects of a product on the environment during its entire existence, from production to its period of use and its end-of-life recycling. A compact solar dec prototype called “freescoo” is presented • a life cycle assessment was performed on the freescoo system • the use phase electricity demands are lower by 95% than a comparable conventional system. Cd-a compact disc is made up of a polycarbonate disc body (95% by volume), with the dye and reflective layers on the surface a recycling process consisting of an oven, extruder, pelletizer, oven, injection molder, and granulator, was used to process the material.
Product life cycle analysis the l ife cycle of a product is the length of time between its introduction on the ma rket for the first time and the time when t he production declines or decides to stop. Life-cycle analysis life-cycle analysis (lca) is a methodology for assessing the environmental impacts associated with a product over the course of its life 11 this lca was conducted using simapro in accordance with the. In june 1980, after complicated negotiations in tokyo and eindhoven, the so-called red book set standard specifications for the compact disc digital audio format.
The rapid advancement of the global optical disc industry results from systematic changes during the product life cycles of digital audio-visual technology compact discs (cd) and digital versatile disc (dvd) sales reached record highs in 2004 and 2006 respectively, and the markets continue to. Dvds, cd-rs, software discs, etc) in the author’s home, workplace, and daily life herein, the various types of optical discs are collectively referred to as “discs” except where specificity is required. Introduction  the purpose of this life-cycle analysis is to discuss the lifetime energy usage, atmospheric emissions, and solid waste emissions from the manufacture, use, and disposal of a typical compact fluorescent light bulb (cfl)a cfl is a compact version of the traditional fluorescent tube bulb found in nearly every building.
Some compact discs print onto the dyes and the infrared light is then used to read the imprinted media more often than not, the data is etched into the thin metal layered over the plastic base although not used inside of the disc itself, glass is used to create a master for the creation of the discs. Published: fri, 15 dec 2017 life cycle analysis of a compact disc cd’s have become an essential item in everybody’s life despite its simple structure, it allows you to listen hours of music, to watch films on a player as well as to store a huge amount of information. Product life cycle of cassette tapes contributor been largely replaced, first by compact discs and then by mp3s the lifecycle of tapes is such short life spans may appear frustrating, especially if you routinely work with longer-lasting archival materials however, the lifespan of the cassette tape.
The compact disc is a great example of an item which has gone through the product life cycle, while it is no longer a household product, the entertainment industry as a whole has gone from products such as 8 tracks, records, cassette tapes, compact discs, to now digital downloads. Product life cycle of compact disc introduction: compact disc technology is one of the fastest growing industries of all time compact discs became popular in the early 80’s due to its ability to offer increased audio performance over traditional magnetic recording media. The report review of the life cycle energy consumption of incandescent, compact fluorescent, and led lamps is the first installment of a larger us department of energy (doe) project to assess the life-cycle environmental and resource costs in the manufacturing, transport, use, and. Life cycle assessment life cycle assessment is a cradle-to-grave or cradle-to-cradle analysis technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life, which is from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, and use.
Part 1: review of the life-cycle energy consumption of incandescent, compact fluorescent, and led lamps concluded that the life cycle energy consumption of led lamps and cfls are similar at approximately 3,900 mj per 20 million. Life cycle assessment of compact fluorescent and incandescent lamps: comparative analysis fig1 the stages of the life cycle (curran, 2006) the methodological framework of all the lca techniques is based on the iso standards 14040 – 14043 a complete lca, which is consistent with the. Diagnosing the dvd disappointment: a life cycle view judson coplan development of the dvd (digital versatile disc, formerly known as the digital video disc) was perhaps the most significant innovation in entertainment since color television dvd players and pre-recorded films penetrated us homes at a rate faster the data presents a. The rapid advancement of the global optical disc industry results from systematic changes during the product life cycles of digital audio-visual technology compact discs (cd) and digital.